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“What does Iran mean?”

“Iran means the land of Aryans”

Iran is located between the valley of Sind and Tighris Euphrates, and at the extreme north of it there is the Caspian Sea, connecting the world of Sloves, with those of Tatars, and Sythians.On the south it is linked with India, and the Arab world. The history of this plateau dates back to far distant Milleniums but from the Fifth Millenium onward, traces of life have been found on the hill of “Gian” in Nahavand and Sialak near Kashan and Cheshmeh Ali. One can also see trace of human foot on the province and area of Medes, even in Susa and prehistoric mounds of “ Bacun” in Pars province. There have been trace of art and existence of Aryan tribes who came to plateau of Iran via the eastern and western shores of the Caspian Sea from the end of the Second Millenium. This invading group migrated to Iran plateau with their families, cattles, livestocks, and tents, in search of residential places and pastures. They were living in Kharazm and Jeyhoon . They came to Iran because they were invaded by “ Sythians”, “ Huns” . “Heptals” and “Turks”.

The official document of history is exclusively related to inscriptions and what is connected with Medes are found by Assyrian tablets. According to these tablets “Geshtrinas” , and Persians united together and overthrew the Assyrians. Since the Median Kingdom was based on coalition of different tribes, it did not last more than 150 years . But there were other native and indigenous nations whose residence lasted for long centuries. For instance “ Kassite” who came to this area 15 centuries earlier than “Amadi” and they had domination over “ Sumer” and “Babylion” .Other tribes such as “ Guti” and “Lullubi” who invaded "Elam" and “Babylion” 3000 BC, and the bas — relief of these people can be found in the area Sar - e - Pol - e - Zahhab. Aryans , who came to this land later on, were often threatened from north, west and south respectively by “ Uraturs”, “ Assyrians” and “Elamites”. So they decided to make the treaty of (Mana). According to this convention Pars and Mede, united together and overthrew and defeated the above mentioned nations. Medes conquered and overthrew Assyrians in 607 BC, and expanded their empire as far as the “Halis River” ( the Gezel Irmas River of today). This kingdom was also vanished suddenly as soon as it had come to existence with the same speed. “Cyrus the Great” subdued and defeated his rival and grandfather “Astiak” “ the last monarch of this dynasty in 550 BC. He was known as a saviour of people of that time.

He was the founder of Achaemenian dynasty. Achaemenian ruled for about 200 years. In 331 BC. the last king of this dynasty “Darius the Third”  was defeated and overthrown by “Alexandre the Macedonian”. After Alexandre his successors, “Seleucides",  ruled Iran for 70 years and they intermingled with Iranians and promoted  Hellenism in the area.   Parthians who considered themselves as heirs of Aryans defeated and overthrew “Seleucides”.  They ruled 440 years in Iran and eventually were subdued by Sassanids who were at that time governing Pars province. They were a branch of Aryans who had come to the area via Sistan and Kerman. Sassanids, reigned for 400 years and finally were subdued and defeated by Muslem Arabs. Sassanids ruled for 400 years until Arabs conquest of Persians in the 7th century. The Arab warriors swept across the Iranian plateau and toppled the Sassanid dynasty.

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